Medieval Music History

In the work De institutione Musica (Instructions on Music), the Roman official and philosopher Boethius introduces three different categories of music: the world (mundana); human (humana): and practical (instrumentalis), thus dividing the theoretical, writing and performing in one person, three aspects. Boethius introduces for the first time a musician as a philosopher and priest of harmony who, in fact, for more than a half thousand years defines the paradigm of the creation of the composer. The invention of a Latin letter notation is also ascribed to Boethius, but his first monuments were only dated back to us in the 11th century.

The pontifical chorus of liturgical singing, both from Europe and Byzantine the Levant and North Africa, was picked and processed for roughly the past three centuries. The outcome was a book of chants – Pope Gregory I the Great’s antiphonary. There were no musical indications in the initial editions, homepage but simply words. The songs were passed orally themselves. For many years the fundamental melodic source of European music became the Gregorian chant, or “singing plain.”

A collection of church churches from the Eastern (Orthodox) churches like the antiphonary of Pope Gregory was made in Constantinople, which became from the 4th century the principal center of the singing culture of the Greater Church (the Church before its division).

His primary distinction from Gregorian chants was the method for arranging the chants in eight tones – eight separate modes that were employed in turn during the annual liturgical cycle, as well as the Christians exploited the old musical heritage. Over the years, the Orthodox countries have evolved a separately Byzantine system of osmoglasia. Russia has thus evolved its own system – znamenny, which has an enormous influence on the Russian music. This is Mussorgsky’s operatic work and Rachmaninoff’s music, which constructed one of his renowned Third Piano Concerto themes on Znamenny’s chant (1909) and the topic of fate in the Third Symphony.

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